How did cars impact history
Captive imports and badge engineering increased in the United States and the UK as amalgamated groups such as the British Motor Corporation consolidated the market. BMC's space-saving and trend-setting transverse engined , front-wheel-drive, independent suspension and monocoque bodied Mini, which first appeared in , was marketed under the Austin and Morris names, until Mini became a marque in its own right in By the end of the decade, the number of automobile marques had been greatly reduced. Technology developments included the widespread use of independent suspensions , wider application of fuel injection , and an increasing focus on safety in automotive design.
Innovations during the s included NSU 's Wankel engine , the gas turbine , and the turbocharger. Of these, only the last endured, pioneered by General Motors , and adopted by BMW and Saab , later seeing mass-market use during the s by Chrysler. Mazda continued developing its Wankel engine, in spite of problems in longevity, emissions, and fuel economy.
Other Wankel licensees, including Mercedes-Benz and GM, never put their designs into production because of engineering and manufacturing problems, as well as the lessons from the oil crisis. The s were turbulent years for automakers and buyers with major events reshaping the industry such as the oil crisis , stricter automobile emissions control and safety requirements, increasing exports by the Japanese and European automakers, as well as growth in inflation and the stagnant economic conditions in many nations.
Henry Ford and the Auto Assembly Line
Smaller-sized grew in popularity. To the end of the 20th century, the United States Big Three GM, Ford, and Chrysler partially lost their leading position, Japan became for a while the world's leader of car production and cars began to be mass manufactured in new Asian, East European, and other countries. Notable exemplary post-war cars: [ citation needed ]. The modern era is normally defined as the 40 years preceding the current year. Some particular contemporary developments are the proliferation of front- and all-wheel drive , the adoption of the diesel engine , and the ubiquity of fuel injection.
Most modern passenger cars are front-wheel-drive monocoque or unibody designs, with transversely mounted engines. Body styles have changed as well in the modern era.
Three types, the hatchback , sedan, and sport utility vehicle , dominate today's market. The rise of pickup trucks in the United States and SUVs worldwide has changed the face of motoring with these "trucks" coming to command more than half of the world automobile market. The modern era has also seen rapidly improving fuel efficiency and engine output. The automobile emissions concerns have been eased with computerised engine management systems. The financial crisis of — cut almost a third of light vehicle sales from Chrysler, Toyota, Ford, and Nissan.
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It also subtracted about a fourth of Honda's sales and about a seventh of sales from General Motors. Since , China has become the world's largest car manufacturer with production greater than Japan, the United States, and all of Europe. Besides large growth of car production in Asian and other countries, there has been growth in transnational corporate groups , with the production of transnational automobiles sharing the same platforms as well as badge engineering or re-badging to suit different markets and consumer segments.
Exemplary modern cars: [ citation needed ]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Aspect of history.
Henry Ford’s Model T and its impact in Australia
Main article: History of steam road vehicles. See also: History of the electric vehicle. Main article: Antique car. Any woman can drive an electric automobile, any man can drive a steam, but neither man nor woman can drive a gasoline; it follows its own odorous will, and goes or goes not as it feels disposed.
Main article: Brass Era car. See also: Antique car. Main article: Vintage car. See also: Antique car and Role of automobiles in the s.
Main article: Classic car. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Henry Ford and the Auto Assembly Line
Cars portal. Automotive industry — current production and companies Motocycle History of the internal combustion engine Timeline of motor vehicle brands Timeline of North American automobiles History of transport. World History of the Automobile. SAE Press. Running Press.
- Impact Of The Automobile: World Changing - CAR FROM JAPAN.
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Retrieved 6 September Archived from the original PDF on 4 February Retrieved 16 March Retrieved 24 June Drive On! Granta Books. Buchanan Mixed Blessing: The Motor in Britain.
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Reversal of the classic rural dominance
Retrieved 30 January History of the Electric Automobile. Society of Automotive Engineers. The Daily Telegraph. L'inventeur Isaac de Rivaz: - in French. Editions Saint-Augustin. Archived from the original on 6 October American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved 2 January Henry Holt. Retrieved 14 December Car and Driver. Wayne State University Press. Motor Trend. Lippincott Company. Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 13 April The Los Angeles Times.
As Americans have become increasingly mobile, the visual aspect of rural America has altered drastically. The highway has become the central route, and many of the functions once confined to the local town or city now stretch for many miles along major roads. The metropolitanization of life in the United States has not been limited to city, suburb, or exurb; it now involves most of the rural area and population.
The result has been the decline of local crafts and regional peculiarities, quite visibly in such items as farm implements , fencing, silos, and housing and in commodities such as clothing or bread. In many ways, the countryside is now economically dependent on the city. The city dweller is the dominant consumer for products other than those of field, quarry, or lumber mill; and city location tends to determine patterns of rural economy rather than the reverse. During weekends and the vacation seasons, swarms of city folk stream out to second homes in the countryside and to campgrounds, ski runs, beaches, boating areas, or hunting and fishing tracts.